Click to see preamble.


FEBRUARY  21, 2016


Two great guests!
Guest 1 "Losing Our Right to Privacy" WE THE PEOPLE RADIO
   with Tracee Mann  
Guest 2 "The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America" WE THE PEOPLE RADIO
  with criminologist, Barry Latzer  

Today's guest: Tracee Mann
APPEARANCES:  NOV 2, 2014   DEC 14, 2014   JAN 11, 2015   MAR 29, 2015
Losing Our Right to Privacy
What if the data about EVERY student in the United States along with the information about their families was given to a non-profit as the result of a court order?  What if you couldn't stop it?  In CA this will happen on April 1, 2016.  The rest of the states will follow very soon.  What could go wrong besides EVERYTHING!!!!!

Connection of California's Education databases, so far.  We are still researching on this.

Brice Harris is on the board at WICHE and is also:

Guide to Protecting the Confidentiality of Personally Identifiable Information (PII)

"De-identified information can be re-identified (rendered distinguishable) by using a code, algorithm, or pseudonym that is assigned to individual records. The code, algorithm, or pseudonym should not be derived from other related information about the individual, and the means of re-identification should only be known by authorized parties and not disclosed to anyone without the authority to re-identify records.

De-identified information can be assigned a PII confidentiality impact level of low, as long as the following are both true:
< The re-identification algorithm, code, or pseudonym is maintained in a separate system, with appropriate controls in place to prevent unauthorized access to the re-identification information.

< The data elements are not linkable, via public records or other reasonably available external records, in order to re-identify the data."

Here is an example of data element linkage:

The involvement of the Department of Transportation is key to Idaho’s process for matching individual records across education and workforce programs. Because the K12 data system identifies student records by name, date of birth, and gender, and the Department of Labor’s records contain only Social Security numbers and some names, a method was needed to link the education sector’s demographic information to Labor’s Social Security numbers. Driver’s license and state ID records from the Department of Transportation’s Division of Motor Vehicles (DMV), which contain names, dates of birth, genders, and Social Security numbers, supply that link (see figure 1).

  (linking Idaho’s K12 student records to Department of Labor records)

One of California's Educational Database's

Statewide Student Identifier (SSID)

A Statewide Student Identifier (SSID) is a unique, non-personally-identifiable number linked to a given individual student within the California public K–12 educational system. SSIDs are used to maintain data on individual students, such as linking students to statewide assessment scores and tracking students in and out of schools and LEAs in order to determine more accurate dropout and graduation rates.

All public California K–12 local educational agencies (LEAs), including charter schools, are required to obtain SSIDs through the California Longitudinal Pupil Achievement Data System (CALPADS) for students in kindergarten through grade 12. These agencies should maintain the SSIDs in their local systems as well as in CALPADS.

Maintaining SSIDs includes providing updates to changes in students’ enrollment statuses, and it includes the submission of enrollment and exit data to CALPADS.

There are several other exceptions to FERPA’s prohibition against non-consensual disclosure of
personally identifiable information from education records, some of which are briefly mentioned
below. Under certain conditions (specified in the FERPA regulations, 34 CFR Part 99), a school may non-consensually disclose personally identifiable information from education records:

to authorized representatives of the Comptroller General of the United States, the
Attorney General of the United States, the U.S. Secretary of Education, and State and
local educational authorities for audit or evaluation of Federal or State supported
education programs, or for the enforcement of or compliance with Federal legal
requirements that relate to those programs;

• in connection with financial aid for which the student has applied or received;

• to state and local authorities pursuant to a State statute concerning the juvenile justice
system and the system’s ability to effectively serve the student whose records are being

• to organizations conducting studies for or on behalf of the school making the disclosure
for the purposes of administering predictive tests, administering student aid programs, or
improving instruction;

to comply with a judicial order or a lawfully issued subpoena; and

• in connection with a health or safety emergency

P20W information

P20W Information
P-20W examples of data releases.jpg
JPG image [594.7 KB]


Privacy Toward a Positive Theory of Privacy Law
".....Big Five attributes. For example, a fascinating
2oo8 study revealed that the appearances of individuals' bedrooms
correlate with their absent occupants' ideologies. Liberals' bedrooms
were significantly more likely to be colorful, distinctive, and filled with
books, music, and art supplies. Conservatives' bedrooms were judged
to be significantly neater, cleaner, better organized, and better lit, with
an abundance of sports paraphernalia, American flags, alcohol bottles
and containers, laundry baskets, and ironing boards. The same
study, like others before it, found powerful connections between liberalism
and the Big Five Openness personality orientation and a significant
but less strong correlation between conservativism and the
Conscientiousness orientation."
Privacy Toward a Positive Theory of Priv[...]
Adobe Acrobat document [2.1 MB]


site search by freefind advanced

FERPA Request Change
FERPA request change.jpg
JPG image [434.2 KB]
WICHE (Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education) Memorandum of Agreement
This Agreement is made between the [state agency] and the Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE), pursuant to [relevant statutes and regulatory authority]. WICHE is a 501(c)(3) regional organization created by the Western Regional Education Compact, adopted in 1953 by Western states. [State] is a member of WICHE. WICHE’s mission is to promote access to high quality postsecondary education for residents of the West.

Background and Purpose
Under a grant from the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation, WICHE is coordinating a project to develop a pilot regional data exchange among four states including Washington, Oregon, Hawaii, and Idaho. The purpose of the data exchange is to explore the feasibility and usefulness of such a data exchange
WICHE wiche_moa_20110627_draft.pdf
Adobe Acrobat document [89.4 KB]
The slides above are regarding the process for exchanging data. It was a presentation named:  Multi-State Longitudinal Data Exchange:  An Update

This was a pilot program in 2012 only 4 states at the time signed into the deal. The MOU Draft was designed for this polit.  Which I have provided.  Smarter Balanced Assessment is located in Washington - This MOU was put into place at the same database were California Department of Education tests all public/charter school students.  CEDARS is a large database in Washington State, OSPI   The other name to this monster database is "Evergreen State P20 Program" 

(Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education)

"California has participated in projects supporting better-informed decision making at the state level. WICHE initiatives have been sponsored by the Ford Foundation, Lumina Foundation, the U.S. Department of Education, and others. In addition, WICHE policy experts often visit the state to present or consult on a number of vital issues, including workforce needs and balancing the financial aid portfolio."

"WICHE was asked by the California Legislative Analyst’s Office for its counsel on how to help the state address proposed cuts to financial aid programs. Staff also served as an expert resource at a Public Policy Institute of California meeting, addressing the changes necessary in the wake of Governor Brown’s decision to defund the California Postsecondary Education Commission, with the goal of ensuring that CPEC’s data collection was not lost. Staff discussed how to move California’s efforts to link data statewide and across segments forward and provided a brief report of what other states are doing in terms of statewide data governance. In addition, WICHE President David Longanecker worked with the Legislative Analyst’s Office on state governance and testified before legislators on university presidents’ compensation systems.

The implementation of the Common Core Standards (CCSS) or other similar academic standards is well underway in most states, and the corresponding assessment systems are set to go live in the current academic year. As implementation continues, there are a variety of challenges that K-12 and higher education leaders will face in the coming years related to student movement across state lines. To begin the conversation about these challenges, WICHE, with funding from the Bill & Melinda Gates Foundation, convened higher education and K-12 leaders from the Western region and additional bordering states in October 2014. California was one of 17 states along with the Commonwealth of the Northern Mariana Islands to participate."

Western Interstate Commission for Higher Education (WICHE)
3035 Center Green Drive, Suite 200
Boulder, CO 80301-2204

"The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America" WE THE PEOPLE RADIO
 with criminologist, Barry Latzer  

About Barry Latzer

Barry Latzer is a renowned criminologist and author of the new book, The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America.  Barry Latzer is professor emeritus at the John Jay College of Criminal Justice and the Graduate Center of the City University of New York (CUNY).  He is a frequent media guest who has appeared on major radio and television programs nationwide and has written extensively on violent crime, capital punishment, and criminal procedure law.  Barry Latzer served as an Assistant District Attorney in Brooklyn and as appellate counsel for indigent criminal defendants in New York City.  He received a JD from Fordham University and a PhD in Political Science from the University of Massachusetts at Amherst.,204,203,200_.jpgThe Rise and Fall of
Violent Crime in America


By Barry Latzer

Washington, DC—New York City’s murder rate soared nearly 10% in the last year.  In Chicago, the homicide toll climbed 20%—and in Washington DC, Baltimore, and St. Louis the rate has skyrocketed by 40% or more.  In Milwaukee, the murder rate increased 76%.  The sudden return of violent crime reminds many Americans of the post-1960s crime wave that gripped the country and impacted nearly all aspects of their daily lives.  And they do not want to go back.

In THE RISE AND FALL OF VIOLENT CRIME IN AMERICA (Encounter Books, January 2016), renowned criminologist Barry Latzer explores the causes of the postwar crime explosion and the dynamics that drove crime down towards the end of the century.  With violent crime surging across America at the same time that our political leaders are calling for “criminal justice reform” that would weaken criminal penalties and reduce incarcerations, this landmark work presents surprising and compelling findings that will have profound implications for all Americans.

Starting in the late 1960s, the United States suffered the biggest rise in violent crime in its history.  Aside from the movement for black civil rights, it is difficult to think of a phenomenon that had a more profound effect on American life in the last third of the 20th century.  Fear of murder, rape, robbery and assault influenced decisions on where to live and where to school one’s children, how to commute to work and where to spend one’s leisure time.  In some locales, people dreaded leaving their homes at any time, day or night, and many Americans spent part of each day literally looking over their shoulders.

THE RISE AND FALL OF VIOLENT CRIME IN AMERICA is a definitive synthesis of criminology and social history that fully explains how and why violent crime exploded across the United States in the late 1960s—and what ultimately drove it down decades later.  It is the first book of its kind to analyze criminal violence in the United States from World War II through the 21st century.  It examines crime in the context of all of the major social trends since the World War, including the postwar economic boom and suburbanization, the baby boom and the turmoil of the 60s, the urbanization of minorities, the advent of crack cocaine, the hardening of the criminal justice system and current efforts to contract it.  Barry Latzer’s sweeping, definitive study at last brings coherence to the bewildering array of explanations for the nightmarish reality that many Americans lived with for decades.


THE RISE AND FALL OF VIOLENT CRIME IN AMERICA offers crucial insight into the underlying causes of crime.  As Barry Latzer notes, crime theorists tend to fall into two camps: 1) those who favor structural analyses, which attribute crime to economic and social adversities; and 2) those who favor cultural analyses, which relate the beliefs and values of social groups to their crime rates.


Barry Latzer emphasizes the importance of cultural factors over economic adversity in explaining violent crime: “Throughout American history, different social groups have en­gaged in different amounts of violent crime, and no consistent relationship between the extent of a group’s socioeconomic disadvantage and its level of violence is evident.  Impoverished Jewish, Polish, and German immigrants had relatively low crime rates, while disadvantaged Italian, Mexican, and Irish entrants committed violent crime at very high rates.  This crime/adversity mismatch is evident in other countries as well and is probably a global phenomenon….Black homicide rates have been at least seven times the rates for whites over the entire twentieth century and into the twenty-first.  Can we explain this without the tinge of racism?”  Barry Latzer contends that the answer is yes, and that high crime may be seen as a by-product of the distinctive history of blacks in America.  He concludes more broadly that the long-term history of crime teaches us that economic downturns and upswings are not consistently related to violent crime.


To arrange an interview with The Rise and Fall of Violent Crime in America author Barry Latzer, please contact Stephen Manfredi at 202.222.8028 or