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MARCH 13, 2011 


The 10th Amendment & more on Coordination Strategy  
APPEARANCES:  OCT 24, 2010  JAN 9, 2011  MAR 13,2011  JUN 5, 2011  JUL 31, 2011  MAR 2, 2014 AUG 10, 2014

Today's guest: Fred Kelly Grant


About Fred

Fred Grant attained his B.A. from the College of Idaho in 1958, majoring in History; with specialization in Constitutional History and Law. He then attended the University of Chicago School of Law. He served as Law Clerk to Chief Judge Brune, in the Maryland Court of Appeals. He first worked as an associate at Lord, Bissell, and Brook; a Chicago law firm representing Lloyd's of London. He continued to practice law in the District of Maryland, where he was an Assistant United States Attorney. He later became Assistant State Attorney of Baltimore, and then Chief of the Organized Crime Unit, State's Attorney of Baltimore. He spent his remaining time in Baltimore involved in criminal defense.

Grant later moved with his family back to Nampa Idaho where he and his wife were both raised. He accepted an appointment by Idaho’s Governor as a liaison with the federal agencies, and eventually served two of Idaho’s Governors in various roles. He has been a hearing officer in zoning issues for over 30 years and has helped cities and counties write land use plans protecting property rights. He works closely with Owyhee County, Idaho where he developed the “Coordination Strategy” now being taught across the nation as a way for local governments to have meaningful input into the federal and state decision making process.
Grant has worked with Stewards of the Range since the early 1990’s as a consultant and the Litigation Chairman. In 2006 he was elected by the Board of Directors to serve as President. July 1, 2009 Stewards of the Range merged with the American Land Foundation creating American Stewards of Liberty. Grant continues to serve as President of the new organization.

Charter Counties in California:
The main difference between general law and charter counties lies in the way they can organize and select their county governing bodies and officers. Every county is required to elect a governing body -- a board of supervisors. General law counties elect supervisors by district, while charter counties have the option of electing them at large or by district Except for the constitutional requirement that every county elect a sheriff, district attorney and an assessor, charter counties have considerable freedom when drafting their charters to determine what other officers they will have, their powers and duties, and whether they will be elected or appointed. Although general law counties have been granted some flexibility, they do not have the latitude of charter counties regarding officers. General law counties are regulated by statutes which specify their principal officers, assign their duties and require that they be elected by the people. The law, however, permits boards of supervisors to consolidate these elective offices into any of 25 combinations and to appoint additional officers, but prohibits the supervisors from giving appointed officials the responsibilities assigned by law to elected officials.
BASIC Differences between Charter and non Charter Government 
● Structure of county government specified in State Constitution and State Statutes.
● Structure of county government can be changed only by amending the State Constitution or Statutes.  All non-Charter counties are treated equally regardless of complexity of problems.
● County shall have only those powers of self-government prescribed by the State Legislature.
● State Statutes do not provide for initiative or recall at the county level.
● County cannot levy a utility tax.
● In the event of a conflict, Municipal Ordinances prevail over County Ordinances inside city. 
● Structure of county government specified in Charter.
● Structure of county government can be changed after a local election approving the change.  Form of government can be tailored to the particular needs of the County.
● County shall have all powers of self-government unless they are inconsistent with the Constitution and State laws.
● County Charter can provide for ordinances by citizen initiative and must provide for recall for the county commission.
● Charter counties may impose a utility tax in the unincorporated area and can substitute that revenue source for property taxes.
● Charter may prescribe which ordinance prevails inside city.  
Examples of criteria for Charter Cities. These are the work documents being used to evaluate the benefits of changing from a general law to a charter city here in Redding
10th Amendment - RESERVED POWERS
Video: PROTECTING YOUR RIGHTS - Fred Kelly Grant
Websites and material mentioned on today's program:



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